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Environment

Top stories featured on ScienceDaily's Plants & Animals, Earth & Climate, and Fossils & Ruins sections.
  1. Animals' ability to adapt their habitats key to survival amid climate change

    A research group of scientists from North America, Europe and Africa concluded that animals' ability to respond to climate change likely depends on how well they modify their habitats, such as nests and burrows.
  2. Researchers review data on reputed toxins thought to cause neurodegeneration

    Biologists and neuroscientists have published an update on the reputed environmental toxins that have been suspected of being involved in mammal neurodegeneration.
  3. Earlier flood forecasting could help avoid disaster in Japan

    Researchers have revealed that a newly developed forecasting system can accurately predict flood locations 32 hours in advance. Extreme rainfall events are occurring increasingly frequently; such accurate and timely flood warnings will help to minimize their impact by providing time for measures to protect people and property.
  4. Dragonflies: Species losses and gains in Germany

    Over the past 35 years, there have been large shifts in the distributions of many dragonfly species in Germany. Those of standing water habitats have declined, probably due to loss of habitat. Running-water species and warm-adapted species have benefited from improved water quality and warmer temperatures. The study highlights the importance of citizen science and natural history societies for long-term data collection.
  5. Footprints discovered from the last dinosaurs to walk on UK soil

    Footprints from at least six different species of dinosaur -- thought to be the very last dinosaurs to walk on UK soil 110 million years ago -- have been found in Kent.
  6. Phytoplankton: The discovery of a missing link

    Biologists have identified a family of algae as a living missing link in the microscopic domain.
  7. Climate warming can influence fungal communities on oak leaves across the growing season

    Climate warming plays a larger role than plant genes in influencing the number and identity of fungal species on oak leaves, especially in autumn. This research by ecologists sheds light on how warming and tree genes affect the dynamics of fungal communities across the season.
  8. Evolution: Two routes to the same destination

    Fruit flies have found at least two solutions to the problem of sorting their sex chromosomes: a matter of life and death.
  9. New cause for intensification of oyster disease

    Researchers reveal that intensification of major oyster disease was due to evolving parasite, not just drought as previously thought.
  10. The Earth has a pulse -- a 27.5-million-year cycle of geological activity

    Geologic activity on Earth appears to follow a 27.5-million-year cycle, giving the planet a 'pulse,' according to a new study.
  11. Scientists detect signatures of life remotely

    It could be a milestone on the path to detecting life on other planets: Scientists detect a key molecular property of all living organisms from a helicopter flying several kilometers above ground. The measurement technology could also open up opportunities for remote sensing of the Earth.
  12. The end of Darwin's nightmare at Lake Victoria?

    Lake Victoria, which came under the spotlight in 2004 by the documentary 'Darwin's nightmare', is not only suffering from the introduction and commercialization of the Nile perch: A study has highlighted other worrying phenomena, particularly climatic ones, which have an equally important impact on the quality of the lake's waters.
  13. Researchers translate a bird's brain activity into song

    It is possible to re-create a bird's song by reading only its brain activity, shows a first proof-of-concept study. The researchers were able to reproduce the songbird's complex vocalizations down to the pitch, volume and timbre of the original. The study is a first step towards developing vocal prostheses for humans who have lost the ability to speak.
  14. Start-stop system of hunting immune cells

    Researchers decipher the basic biology of neutrophil swarming and now show that the cells also evolved an intrinsic molecular program to self-limit their swarming activity. The study elucidates how swarming neutrophils become insensitive to their own secreted signals that brought the swarm together in the first place. This process is crucial for the efficient elimination of bacteria in tissues.
  15. Mountain fires burning higher at unprecedented rates

    Forest fires have crept higher up mountains over the past few decades, scorching areas previously too wet to burn, according to researchers. As wildfires advance uphill, a staggering 11% of all Western US forests are now at risk.
   
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